Fair trade is an agreement designed to help producers in developing countries achieve sustainable and fair trade relations. Members of the fair trade movement are adding higher prices to exporters and improving social and environmental standards. The movement focuses in particular on raw materials or products generally exported from developing countries to developed countries, but also on national markets (for example. B Brazil, England and Bangladesh), particularly for handicrafts, coffee, cocoa, wine, sugar, fruit, flowers and gold.   Through dialogue, transparency and respect, the movement strives to promote greater equity in international trade partnerships. It promotes sustainable development by providing producers and marginalized workers in developing countries with better trading conditions and guaranteeing their rights.  Fair trade is based on three fundamental convictions; First, producers have the power to express unity with consumers. Second, current practices in global trade favour the unequal distribution of wealth among nations. Finally, the fair purchase of products by producers in developing countries is a more effective way to promote sustainable development than traditional charities and aid. Note: the usual spelling of fair trade is a word when referring to the FLO product labelling system, see Fair Trade Certification While there are studies that consider fair trade beneficial and effective, other studies have been less favourable; Limit the benefits of fair trade. Sometimes criticism of fair trade is intrinsic, sometimes effectiveness depends on a broader context, such as lack of official aid or price volatility in the global market.
 In 2006, Italian lawmakers began debating in parliament the introduction of a fair trade law. A consultation process was launched in early October, involving a wide range of stakeholders.  In particular, a common definition of fair trade has been developed. However, it has not yet been adopted, as efforts have stalled due to the Italian political crisis of 2008. The Asia Fair Trade Forum aims to strengthen the skills of fair trade organizations in Asia so that they can be more competitive in the global market. Garment factories in Asian countries such as China, Burma and Bangladesh are regularly accused of human rights violations, including child labour.  These violations are contrary to the principles of fair trade certifiers. . .