But almost immediately, some members of the community questioned the role of external consultants in negotiating and implementing community services during some thirty years of rehabilitation.  There is a difference between a counsel who facilitates a trial and a lawyer who represents a community coalition in the negotiations: the councillor may be more interested in moving the process forward quickly, while the lawyer must represent the interests of the coalition. A community coalition from Somerville, Union United, called for direct negotiations between the developer and the community to reach a CBA that the coalition can impose.  Union United members requested a public hearing before the Somerville Board of Alderen on the eviction of long-term residents and affordable housing, developed a YouTube video explaining the CBA`s negotiation process and organized to hear their voices.  In general, developers have joined the CBAs to accelerate or increase the likelihood that they will obtain land use permits or grants from the city government. Community coalitions have been able to gain strength through the use of critical windows in the development planning phase. As part of development planning, some cities define specific processes for social or environmental assessments and for the residents concerned. These provide local coalitions with the opportunity to assert their rights as concerned residents or to submit their own technical information or analysis (Parks and Warren 2009). But even in the absence of formal forums, some local coalitions have managed to bring private developers to the negotiating table by creating a political risk due to imminent public resistance. The new procedure of the Community Interest Agreement (CBA) is cooperation between municipalities, the development industry and the city. The policy aims to achieve the objectives of the fight against poverty and the economic development of the Community in the strategy for a healthy city. Local governments can proactively manage future growth by applying the principles of shared delivery to large areas for development. If the country is state-owned or developed as part of an agreement with the local government, officials may include the Community`s benefits in requests for proposals.
Before a major development project begins in an urban environment, local actors have an interest in shaping the impact and opportunities of the project. People living in low-income neighbourhoods are often exposed to the negative effects of large urban development projects, but have limited access to the new economic opportunities offered by these projects. Part of the reason for this dynamic is that the representatives of the municipalities do not have a useful place at the table in the decisive phases of the project`s development. A Community Benefits Agreement (CBA) is an economic empowerment mechanism that allows stakeholders to negotiate directly with developers the most important benefits for them – the design of urban development projects to improve the lives of the most colorful residents. The CBA contract model allows each CBA to be tailored to the needs of the municipality, the size and nature of the proposed development, as well as the relative bargaining power of community groups and the developer. The developer itself can provide benefits, or a CBA may require the developer to impose CBA provisions on its tenants, suppliers and contractors. As a general rule, CBA employment quality standards, local hiring programs and affordable housing requirements.  Based on the definition of Grosss (1998), an agreement on communities refers to a single development project.