The specific legislative wording of Article 101(a)(15)(E) of the INA reads as follows: “(i) solely for the purpose of conducting substantial trade, including trade in services or trade in technology, primarily between the United States and the foreign state of which he is a national; or (ii) only the development and management of the activity of an enterprise in which it has invested or of an enterprise in which it actively invests, a significant amount of capital. 8 Criticism of NAFTA in the United States.C often focuses on the U.S. trade balance with Mexico. While the United States enjoys a slight advantage in trade in services, exporting $30.8 billion in 2015 and importing $21.6 billion, its overall trade balance with the country is negative due to a gaping deficit of $58.8 billion in trade in goods in 2016. In comparison, there was a surplus of $1.7 billion in 1993 (in 1993, the deficit was $36.1 billion in 2016). Exports of real goods to Canada increased by 50% from 1993 to 2016 and imports of real goods increased by 41%. . . .